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Building a Digital Infrastructure in War and Peace

Lecture Outline: 

Smashing Hierarchies

How did we get from SAGE to personal computing?

The counterculture


Apple vs. IBM and Microsoft

How the PC became the people’s computer

The countercultural origins of Firefox


  • The Cold War Digital Network
  • Smashing Hierarchies


  • **Fred Turner, From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism: 28-174
  • Isaacson, Steve Jobs, ch. 1, "Childhood," pp. 5-11 Childhood; ch. 3, "The Dropout," pp. 33-41 The Dropout; ch. 5, "The Apple I, pp. 56-70 Apple 1; and ch. 15, "The Launch," pp. 159-170 The Launch
  • Hughes, “Technology as Systems, Controls, and Information,” in Thomas P. Hughes, Human-Built World: How to Think About Technology and Culture (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004), 77-110
  • Hughes, Rescuing Prometheus, ch. 6, "Networking: ARPANET," pp. 255-300. ARPANET



2/04   IJ: Submit full profile and first substantive journal entry to your TA for comments

  • Write a one page essay on the legacy of the counterculture that influences your life the most today.